PIA Press Release
Monday, January 02, 2012
Feature Report: 2012 is International Year of Cooperatives
The United Nations has declared 2012 the International Year of Cooperatives in the light of the current global economic crisis.
The International Year of Cooperatives draws on the potential of cooperatives for job creation and income generation, local empowerment, and the linking of local populations to local and global markets.
The United Nations has long recognized the importance of the cooperative movement as an important partner in the implementation of the United Nations development Agenda, defined by the UN global conferences and summits since the 1990s.
The IYC will highlight the contributions of cooperatives in addressing food security, social inclusion, and gender empowerment. It will, also hopefully, raise awareness on the strength and reach of cooperatives in both developed and developing countries.
The United Nations said this awareness is vital for promoting cooperatives formation and growth which will give cooperative contributions leverage for development and the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs).
The 2012 IYC is a concrete step towards promoting and strengthening cooperatives and recognizing their important contributions to socio-economic development.
The IYC has three main objectives: the first objective is to increase public awareness about cooperatives and their contributions to socio-economic development and the achievement of internationally agreed development goals, including the MDGs.
The second objective is to promote the formation and growth of independent and sustainable cooperatives for socioeconomic empowerment.
The third objective is to encourage member-states to establish policies, laws, and regulations conducive to the formation, growth and stability of cooperatives.
Cooperatives, as economic enterprises and as autonomous self-help organizations, play a meaningful role in uplifting the socioeconomic conditions of their members and their local communities, as well as running major international businesses.
Over the years, cooperative enterprises have successfully operated locally-owned people-centered businesses while also serving as catalysts for social organization and cohesion. Within the membership of the International Cooperative Alliance (ICA) alone, more than 800 million people are members of cooperatives.
Cooperatives represent a model of economic enterprise, which when effectively implemented, promotes democratic and human values as well as respect for the environment. It is compelling to consider cooperatives as another model of economic enterprise that promotes community self reliance and benefits society in general.
Cooperatives help create, improve, and protect income as well as they generate employment opportunities and contribute to poverty reduction.
As of 2007, cooperatives were responsible for more than 100 million jobs worldwide. Cooperatives also promote social integration and cohesion as they are a means of empowering the poor and marginalized groups.
As such, they also play an ever-increasing role in the promotion of gender equality and the social and economic empowerment of women. The cooperative sector, especially in developing countries, can therefore contribute to the realization of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) by 2015. (PIA 8)