New scheme eyed to lower carbon emission in Negros Oriental
by Rachelle M. Nessia
Dumaguete City (29 February) -- Gov. Emilio C. Macias II is eyeing to implement in Negros Oriental a new environmental strategy touted to reduce the level of carbon emissions in the province.
In a recent meeting held at the Sangguniang Panlalawigan Session Hall wherein the governor created the Negros Oriental Advisory Council on Climate Change (NOACCC), Gov. Macias discussed the Carbon Credit Scheme which was introduced to highly industrialized countries in order to help them reduce carbon emission.
Under the said scheme, the governor plans to develop the mangroves along the coastal areas in the province.
Mangroves are known to absorb more carbon compared to other trees, said Macias.
The carbon credit scheme is in line with the Clean Development Mechanism, which was outlined in the United Nations Protocols on Global Warming, specifically the Montreal Protocol signed in 1987 and the succeeding Kyoto Protocol in 1992.
Both protocols mandated the highly industrialized countries to reduce the level of the carbon emissions from their industries by five percent from the level established in their countries in 1990. These countries were given five years to do the same starting this year up to 2012.
This means that if these countries had a ten percent carbon emission in 1990, it should be cut down to 5 percent by 2012.
Based on records, Australia was the last to sign the protocol leaving USA as the only identified country that has a high carbon emission and has as yet to sign the said protocol.
The governor described the carbon credit scheme as beneficial to NOACCC's drive in addressing the concerns of climate change.
Macias explained that highly industrialized countries that have a hard time lowering their carbon emission can tap developing countries like the Philippines by providing them with funds to plant trees.
For instance, a highly developed country like the USA can fund tree planting activities in the Philippines, an undertaking that will be credited to the United States and help bring down its carbon emission, he added.
At present, Australia is reportedly interested in adopting the said scheme in Negros Oriental.
The governor said he already had initial discussions with an Australian official concerning the scheme.
Meanwhile, an internationally known research administrator has reported that biotechnology crops can considerably help mitigate climate change and reduce greenhouse gases.
Dr. Clive James, founder and chairman of the New York-based International Service for the Acquisition of Agri-biotech Applications (ISAAA), in a recent conference disclosed that biotechnology crops are instrumental in improving the environment.
"Biotech crops are already contributing to reducing carbon dioxide emissions by precluding the need for ploughing a significant portion of cropped land, conserving soil and moisture, and reducing pesticide spraying as well as sequestering carbon dioxide."
Other biotech crop applications that will become available towards the and of the second decade (2006-2015) are crops with increased nitrogen efficiency, which has implications to global warming and the pollution of aquifers and deltas with nitrogen-related pollutions. (PIA/RMN) [top]