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PIA Press Release

NSO presents 2008 National Demographic and Health Survey results

Includes module on violence against women

Cebu City (19 May) -- The National Statistics Office recently presented in a multi-sector forum the results of the 2008 National Demographic and Health Survey (NDHS).

The survey interviewed a nationally representative sample of 13,594 women aged 15 to 49 years old in 12,469 households over the August 7-September 27, 2008 period.

Over 9000 women were interviewed for the women's safety module. This represents a response rate of 99% for households, 98% for all women, and 99% for women interviewed on women's safety.

This sample provides estimates for the Philippines as a whole, for urban and rural areas, and for the 17 administrative regions.

In Central Visayas, about 894 sample households were visited and a total of 928 eligible women were interviewed. The overall response rate was 97%.

Some 668 women in Central Visayas were interviewed on violence using the Women's Safety Questionnaire. Under RA 9262, the Anti-Violence Against Women and Children Act, violence against women includes physical harm, emotional and psychological injuries and discrimination in work places.

The interviews showed that 28% of women in Central Visayas have experienced violence since age 15 and 10% of these women have experienced physical violence in the past 12 months preceding the survey. Some 12% of these women have experienced sexual violence.

Some 31% have experienced physical, sexual, or other forms of violence by their husbands. Spousal violence is more apparent in the lowest wealth quintile where 34% of women experienced such, compared to 19% in the highest wealth quintile.

The survey also showed that women whose fathers beat their mothers are almost twice as likely to experience physical or sexual violence as women whose fathers did not beat their mothers.

The NSO carried out the NDHS with the financial assistance from the USAID for the preparatory and processing phases as well as for technical assistance through ICF Macro.

The 2008 NDHS is the ninth in a series of such surveys conducted every five years since 1968. The 2008 survey includes for the first time a Women's Safety Questionnaire, which is a module to assess the frequency of violence against women.

This is on top of the regular information gathered on fertility, family planning, family health, nutrition, childhood mortality, awareness of tuberculosis, HIV-related knowledge, and access to HIV testing services. (NSO-7) [top]

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