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RP's unemployment rate down to 7.5% as of April

Manila (17 June) -- The number of unemployed Filipinos in April dropped to 7.5 percent from 8 percent last year, the National Statistics Office said Tuesday.

In January, the NSO said unemployment was 7.7 percent.

The employment rate, on the other hand, for April was 92.5 percent.

"This estimate is not significantly different from last year's figure of 92 percent," the NSO said.

Of the total 35 million employed persons in April, more than one-half or 50.3 percent worked in the services sector, with those employed in wholesale and retail trade, repair of motor vehicles, motorcycles and personal and household goods sub-sector comprising the largest sub-sector or 19.1 of the total employed).

Workers in the agriculture sector accounted for 35.2 percent of the total employed, with those engaged in the agriculture, hunting and forestry sub-sector making up the largest sub-sector or 31 percent of the total employed).

The NSO said only 14.5 percent of the total employed were in the industry sector, with the manufacturing sub-sector making up the largest percentage or 8.1 percent of the total employed.

Among the various occupation groups, laborers and unskilled workers comprised the largest proportion with 32.5 percent of the total employed population in April 2009 and 32.7 percent in April 2008.

Farmers, forestry workers and fishermen were the second largest group, accounting for 17.0 percent of the total employed.

Employed persons fall into any of these categories: wage and salary workers, own account workers and unpaid family workers. Wage and salary workers are those who work for private households, private establishments, government or government corporations and those who work with pay in own-family operated farm or business.

More than half or 51.9 percent of the employed persons were wage and salary workers, more than one-third or 34.9 percent were own-account workers, and 13.1 percent were unpaid family workers.

Among the wage and salary workers, those working for private establishments comprised the largest proportion or 38.5 percent of the total employed.

Government workers or those working for government corporations comprised only 8.2 percent of the total employed, while 4.9 percent were workers in private households.

Meanwhile, among the own-account workers, the self-employed comprised the majority or 31.1 percent of total employed).

Employed persons are classified as either full-time workers or part-time workers.

Full-time workers are those who work for 40 hours or more while part-time workers work for less than 40 hours. In April 2009, 56.6 percent of the total employed persons were full-time workers with those working for 40 to 48 hours having the highest proportion or 36.1 percent of the total employed.

Around 20.5 percent of the total employed worked for more than 48 hours. Part-time workers comprised 41.0 percent of the total employed.(PNA) [top]

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