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Feature: Alert tips in times of calamities

Tacloban City (July 12) -- In line with this year's observance of the National Disaster Consciousness Month in July which has for its theme: "Pag Alerto, Malayo sa Peligro," here are several alert tips on what to do in case of typhoons, earthquakes, volcanic eruptions and tsunamis, as gathered from OCD and RDCC.

In case of typhoons, all members of the family are advised to stay indoors and to keep calm. At the same time monitor radio and TV reports regarding the typhoon. It is advised that trees near dwellings should be trimmed, and to keep roads clear for emergency vehicles. In case one's house is in a flood prone area, one is advised to go to the nearest designated evacuation center. A flashlight and radio with fresh batteries should be on hand.

There should also be enough stock of food, potable water, kerosene, batteries, and first aid supplies. In case of flooding, it is advised that the main sources of electricity, gas and water in one's home should be turned off.

On the other hand, in cases of volcanic eruption, residents living around an erupting volcano may face volcanic hazards such as pyroclastic flows, ash falls, lava, and lahar flows. Should ash fall occur, one is advised to cover one's nose with a wet cloth to allow better breathing. To prevent contamination, food should always be covered. Furthermore, if one is along the path of potential lava and lahar flows, move to the higher grounds or to a designated evacuation site immediately.

In instances where there is an earthquake, one is advised to move away from mountainous areas or near a steep hill slope where landslides might occur. In case one is in a structurally sound building, one may protect one's self by getting under a study table or desk and holding to it while shaking occurs. It is also important that one should stay calm and not panic.

After a strong earthquake, a tsunami might occur. If this happens, one is advised not to stay in low-lying and seashore areas because a tsunami might occur within minutes. Other natural signs of tsunami include sudden lowering of the sea level or an unusual rise and fall of the sea level. (PIA-8) [top]

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