NEDA releases RP's midterm MDG progress report
by ES Subong
Iloilo City (12 October) -- The National Economic Development Authority (NEDA) has recently released the country's midterm progress report, outlining the extent of RP's accomplishment of the Millennium Development Goals.
In its report, NEDA identified eight goals, namely 1) eradicate extreme poverty and hunger, 2) achieve universal primary education, 3) promote gender equality and empower women, 4) reduce child mortality, 5) improve maternal health, 6) combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases, 7) ensure environmental sustainability, and, 8) develop a global partnership for development.
For Goal number 1, NEDA reported that the national budget for extreme poverty has been reached, however, only six regions are below the national subsistence incidence which is 13.5%, with regions in the Visayas and Mindanao are still way above the national figure.
The report also that the overall poverty incidence rate indicated good prospects in meeting the goal, despite the fact that poverty rate incidence by region showed wide disparities. Majority of the regions have poverty rates that are above the national figure, with the highest levels of poverty noted in CARAGA and ARMM, which is 54% and 52% respectively.
For Goal number 2, NEDA said RP is lagging behind in achieving universal primary education so it has to step up its efforts to achieve the 2015 target of universal access to improve elementary cohort survival and completion rates.
Gender gap appeared to be in favor of girls as far as participation in basic education is concerned, in the pursuit of Goal number 3, while clear gains have been made by RP in reducing under-five deaths per 1,000 live births as far as Goal number 4 is concerned. It showed a decline from 80 to 32 deaths between 1990 and 2006, indicating a high probability of meeting the 2015 target in so far as this indicator is concerned.
For Goal number 5, the decline in the number of maternal deaths per 100,000 live births has slowed down from 209 deaths in 1993 to 162 deaths in 2006, and would quite unlikely be that the 2015 maternal mortality target of 52 per 100,000 may not be met.
For Goal number 6, the report said that the prevalence of HIV and AIDS has been kept below the national target of 1% of the population, but figures on HIV and AIDS cases suggest that infection has spread, not reversed.
For Goal number 7 the country is likely to achieve the targets on safe drinking water and access to sanitary toilet facilities. Goal number 8 is showing the country continuing with its global partnerships for development.
By and large, according to NEDA, the country has to double or triple its efforts to meet the targets on elementary participation rate, elementary cohorts survival rate, elementary completion rate, gender equality in education, maternal mortality ratio and access to reproductive health services (PIA 6) [top]